When the unbelievers of Makkah iracle from the Beloved and Blessed Rasool , he demonstrated it by splitting the moon into two pieces. One piece was seen on mount Abu Qubays, while the other was seen on mount Qu’ ayqi’ aan. In this way, the Rasool of Rahmah split the moon into two pieces and showed it to the unbelievers, and asked them to be witness to it.
(Iafseer Jalalayn, pp. 440; part 27, Surah Al-Qamar, Ayah 1)
Observing this miracle, the unbelievers of Makkah said, ‘Muhammad has done magic and has made an illusion.’ But, a group of people among them said, ‘If it were an illusion, then nobody outside Makkah would have witnessed the pieces of moon. Therefore, pursue the caravans that are about to arrive from outside of Makkah and ask their travellers whether the splitting of moon was witnessed from other regions as well. If so, then certainly it would be a miracle.’ Hence, when it was inquired from the travellers, they told them that they observed splitting of the moon into two pieces that day. After this, there remained no room for any denial by the unbelievers. But they continued to allege it as a spell of magic out of their malice. This great miracle is mentioned extensively in authentic books of Ahadees and this Hadees has reached such a level of popularity that its denial is nothing but enmity with intellect and justice, and its denial is in fact deviation from true Islamic teachings. (I’ajseer Khaza ‘in-ul’Irfan, pp. 953-954; part 27, Surah Al-Qamar, Ayah 1)
Allah has mentioned this great miracle in Surah Al-Qamar of the Holy Quran openly in the following words:
The Last Day came near, and the moon has split (with the indication of the Prophet Muhammad). And if they (i.e. disbelievers) see a sign, so they tum away their faces and say, ‘This is just on-going magic.’ And they belied (this Miracle) and followed their own desires, and each matter has been decided (that Islam shall prevail).
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 27, Surah Al-Qamar, Ayah 1-3)
This miracle of is an extraordinary miracle of the Beloved and Blessed Rasool , which is evident from above Ayah of the Holy Quran and many famous Ahadees. We have comprehensively described this topic in our book ‘Seerat-u l-Mustafa .’ One may attain serenity of heart and revival of faith by reading it.