Near these two hills, Sayyidatuna Haajirah searched for water desperately while climbing on and running between the hills when Sayyiduna Isma’eel was an infant and had become restless due to thirst. That’s why these hills have been considered holy since ancient times. The Hajj pilgrims used to climb up these hills and perform Tawaf with great respect and reverence and would supplicate there.
In the era of ignorance, two wretched people, ‘Asaaf’ a man and ‘Na ‘ilah’ a woman committed adultery inside the Ka’bah. The wrath of Allah struck them in such a way that they were defaced and were turned into statues of stone. Later on, the idol worshipers took these statues out of the Ka’bah and placed them on the hills of Safa and Marwah, and started worshipping these idols.
However, when Islam spread in Arab, the Muslims considered it to be a sin to visit these hills due to the presence of the idols of ‘Asaaf and Na’ilah’. At that time, Allah revealed this commandment in the Holy Quran that there is no harm and sin in visiting these hills as well as performing their ‘Tawaf’. Also, it is necessary to do Tawaf of Safa and Marwah while performing Hajj and ‘Umrah.
(Iafseer As-Saawi, vol. 1, pp. 132; part 2, Al-Baqarah, Ayah 158)
On the day when Makka-tul-Mukarramah was conquered, the Noblest Rasool demolished these two idols and restored the holiness that these hills possessed before. Furthermore, Tawaf of these two hills was made compulsory during Hajj and ‘Umrah. Therefore, it is mentioned in the Holy Quran:
Undoubtedly Safa and Marwah are amongst the signs of Allah; so whosoever performs Hajj or ‘Umrah of this Sacred House, there is no sin upon him (for) walking between both of them, and whoever does good (i.e. optional worship) on his own accord, then indeed Allah is Most Appreciative, All-Knowing.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)J (Part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 158)
Sayyidatuna Haajirah searched for water while running between these two hills of Safa and Marwah. She was the wife of the Nabi Sayyiduna lbraheem and the mother of the Nabi Sayyiduna Isma’ eel – By virtue of her holy feet that touched these hills; these hills became so holy that they became a monument of Sayyidatuna Haajirah and these two hills became sacred place for performing Sa’ ee and ‘Tawaf’ during Hajj and ‘Umrah.
We learnt that if any place acquires some special affiliation with the beloveds of Allah &.9, it becomes highly reverent and sacred. Furthermore, the Muslims are liable to pay respect to such places. There are many small hills and high mountains situated in the holy land of Makkah but they could not acquire the reverence and grandeur that Safa and Marwah got. The reason behind this holiness is nothing else except that these hills are a monument of a striving effort made by a beloved of Allah .
Based on the same principle, we should realise the grandeur and holiness of Gumbad-e-Khazra (the Grand Green Dome), the shrines of the beloveds of Allah , the reverend places where these blessed people used to perform their acts of worship and that of other holy and sacred places. All these places are highly reverent by virtue of their affiliation and attachment with the distinguished bondmen of Allah To respect such places is a means of attaining the pleasure of Allah and a disrespectful and offensive attitude towards these holy places is like inviting the wrath of Allah . Therefore, all those who intend to demolish Gumbad-e-Khazra and show offensive and disrespectful attitude towards the holy shrines of the beloveds of Allah should take heed from these Quranic facts. They should repent from their evil plans and should adopt the true path of righteousness. May Allah bless all with the light of guidance by virtue of the Beloved and Blessed Rasool.