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Fertility and infertility

I t is a tradition of Allah  that He  bestows some parents with daughter only and some with son and some with both i.e. son and  daughter. Moreover, there are also some people whom He   turns  infertile, neither bestowing them with daughter nor with son. This tradition of Allah  is not limited to ordinary people only, but He   has also
featured His distinguished people i.e. Ambiya   with these four cases. Sayyiduna Loot and Sayyiduna Shu’ayb   had daughters only and no sons, Sayyiduna Ibraheem   had only sons and no daughter.  The Beloved Rasool  was bestowed with four sons and four daughters. Sayyiduna ‘Isa and Sayyiduna Yahya   were not bestowed with any children.
(Tafseer Ruh-ul-Bayan, vol. 8, pp. 342-343; part 25, Surah Ash-Shura, Ayah 49-50)
Allah   has described this subject in the Holy Quran in the following words:
He may bestow daughters to whomever He wills, and sons to whomever He wills. Or may mix them; the sons and daughters, and may make infertile whomever He wills. Indeed He is All-Knowing, All-Powerful.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 25, Surah Ash-Shura, Ayah 49-50)

Moral: 

Whether Allah  bestows someone with a daughter, a son, or both or makes someone infertile; these are all blessings of Allah. In the last
part of the abovementioned Ayah  r, there is a hint towards the
fact that, who is worthy to be bestowed with a daughter, who is deserving of getting a son and who has the eligibility of being blessed with both son and daughter and who is the one for whom it is better that he should not get any children at all, knowledge of all these matters lies with Him only as He alone bears Supreme Knowledge and Absolute Power. Despite the vast knowledge and perception of the human being, it is beyond the human cognition to determine what is better or worse for him in future. Allah has mentioned in the Holy Quran: 
It is likely, that you dislike a thing which is (actually) better for you; and it is likely, that you like a thing which is (actually) bad for you; and Allah knows, and you know not.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)J (Part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 216)
Therefore, the bondmen of Allah should not get displeased if they do not get something they wished for. Instead, they should observe patience and realize that they did not deserve that certain bounty. That’s why, Allah did not bless them with it. Allah is the Most Knowledgeable and He knows very well who is worthy and who is not.

Daughters 

In these times, it has been observed that some people get upset and sad on the birth of daughters. Some go to the extent of refuting this Divine blessing by uttering foul phrases. It should be noted that becoming annoyed and upset upon the birth of daughters was a vile custom of the unbelievers in the times of ignorance. Allah  says in this context:
And when one amongst them is given the glad tidings of a daughter, his face darkens for the whole day, and he is full of anger. (He is) hiding from the people because of the shame of this news; will he keep her with disgrace, or bury her alive in the earth? Behold! Very evil is the judgement they apply.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation ofQuran)J (Part 14, SurahAn-Nahl, AyahSS-59)
It must be noted that the Islamic custom is to express happiness upon the
birth of daughters also and pay gratitude to Allah for the bestowment of
His blessing. Believing in the glad tidings mentioned in following Ahadees,
one may win bounties in the worldly life as well as afterlife. The Holy Nabi   has mentioned the following Ahadees in this context:
1. It is very blissful for a woman that first child born of her is daughter.
2. He who has some daughters and he treats them virtuously till he makes them marry according to Kufw (match), those daughters will become a shield for him against Hell.
3. The Rasool of Rahmah  said, ‘You people should not perceive your daughters negatively, as I am also father of a few daughters.’
4. When a girl is born, then Allah  says, ‘O girl! Descend unto the earth. I will help your father.’
(Iafseer Ruh-ul-Bayan, vol. 8, pp. 342; part 25, Surah Ash-Shura, Ayah 49-50)

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