However, on 10th AH, when the unbelievers saw a huge gathering of the Muslims at the occasion of Hajja-tul-Wada’ in the plains of ‘ Arafat; and they witnessed the enthusiasm of those thousands of the Muslims for Islam, their passion and unconditional believe and love for the Beloved and Blessed Rasool , their frail hopes suffered utter disappointment and they became hopeless of the destruction and devastation of Islam. Hence the following Quranic Ayahs were revealed in the plains of ‘Arafat after the time of ‘ Asr depicting that incident:
Today, the disbelievers are in disappointment concerning your religion, so do not fear them and fear Me; today I have perfected for you your religion and completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 61 Surah Al-Mai’dah, Ayah 3)
It is narrated that a Jew said to Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq that there is such an Ayah in your Book that if it was revealed upon us, we would have made that day the ‘day of Eid (rejoicing)’. Sayyiduna ‘Umar asked, ‘Which Ayah?’ The Jew replied:
(Part 61 Surah Al-Mai’dah, Ayah 3)
Upon hearing this, Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam said that we are well-aware of the day, the place and the time when this Ayah was revealed. It was Friday, we were in the plains of ‘Arafat and the Holy Rasool was delivering sermon (Khutbah) after Salat-ul-‘ Asr, when this Ayah was revealed.
By this, Sayyiduna ‘Umar meant that the day this Ayah was revealed, we already availed two Eids because it was the day of ‘Arafah, which is a day of Eid for us and secondly, it was the day of Friday and that too is a day of Eid for us. Hence, there was no need for us to celebrate another Eid that day.
(I’afseer Jamal, vol. 2, pp. 180; part 6, Surah Al-Mai’dah, Ayah 3)
It has also been reported that Ameer-ul-Mu’rnineen Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq started crying after the revelation of this Ayah. The Holy Rasool asked, ‘O ‘Umar , why are you crying?’ Sayyiduna ‘Umar replied, ‘Ya Rasoolallah , our religion had been progressing day by day. Now that our religion has completed; it is generally understood that the things decline after achieving excellence.’
Furthermore, from this Ayah, there is also an indication of the demise of the Beloved Rasool . The Holy Rasool came to this world to complete the religion. Since the religion has been established completely, it is obvious that the Holy Rasool will not prefer to stay in this world anymore.
(I’afseer Jamal ‘ala/ Jalalayn, vol. 2, pp. 180; part 6, Surah Al-Mai’dah, Ayah 3)
1. Allah Jr_; has certified through this Ayah that now the struggles of infidels will never succeed in destroying Islam. Disappointment has overcome the infidels as Islam can never be demolished.
2. This Quranic Ayah has revealed that the religion of Islam has established completely. Now if someone claims that such and such rulings in Islam are imperfect or there is a need of an amendment or addition in Islam; then such a person is a big liar. In fact, he is an unbeliever who has denied the Holy Quran and has gone outside of the folds of Islam. Certainly, without any doubt, the religion Islam is complete and perfect. It is a fundamental belief in Islam.