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Significance of Surah Al-Jumu’ah

Surah Jumu’ah

is the 62nd Chapter of the Holy Qur’an. It is one of the Mufassal Surahs (those in the latter part of the Qur’an) which the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “He was favored with above all other Books and Prophets”. It was narrated from Waathilah ibn al-Asqa’ that the Prophet ﷺ said: “I have been favored with al-Mufassal.” (Shu’abul Imaan: 2257 … Mu’ajam Tabaraani: 16917)
Suratul Jumu’ah revolves around “The Unity” of Allah and the importance of the Jumu’ah Congregation in Islam.  ThisSurah addresses the prayers of all and every creation of Allah, the purpose of the prophet hood of the Messenger of Allah to educate and enhance the morals of humanity, warnings to the Muslims not to be distracted from the principles of Islam as the jews were distracted from their original Divine Message, the general laws of death being the window towards the Permanent Abode, strict directives about the attendance of the Jumu’ah in Congregation and the suspension of all other activities during the Jumu’ah Sermon and Jumu’ah prayers by the imam.

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Translation of Surah Al-Jumu’ah

1. (Everything) in the heavens and in the earth glorifies Allah, (the Real) King, the Most Pure (of all shortcomings and imperfections), the Lord of Honour, the Almighty, the Most Wise.
2. He is the One Who sent a (Glorious) Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) amongst the illiterate people from amongst themselves who recites to them His Revelations and cleanses and purifies them (outwardly and inwardly) and teaches them the Book and wisdom. Indeed, they were in open error before (his most welcome arrival).
3. And (He has sent this Messenger for purification and education amongst) others of them also who have not yet joined these people (that are present now i.e., they will come after them in later eras). And He is Almighty, Most Wise.
4. This (arrival of the Holy Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him] as well as his spiritual benevolence) is Allah’s bounty which He grants whom He likes. And Allah is Most Bountiful.
5. The case of those who were burdened with (the commandments and teachings of) the Torah (but) then did not bear it (i.e., this Messenger was mentioned in it, but they disbelieved in him) is like that of a donkey loaded with heavy books on its back. How evil is the example of those who have rejected Allah’s Revelations! And Allah does not guide the wrongdoers.

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6. Say: ‘O Jews, if you think that, leaving all other people, you alone are the friends of Allah (i.e., Awliya’), then long for death (because His Awliya’ will not fear in the grave and the Hereafter) if you are true (in your thinking).’
7. And these people will never long for it due to (the rejection of the Messenger and disbelief) which they have sent forward. And Allah knows the wrongdoers well.
8. Say: ‘The death from which you are fleeing is bound to catch up with you. Then you will be returned to Him (the Lord) Who knows the unseen and the seen. So He will inform you of what you used to do.’
9. O believers! When on Fridays the call is made for (Jumu‘ah) Prayer, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah (i.e., the Jumu‘ah sermon and Prayer) immediately and abandon purchase and sale (i.e., business). That is better for you if you have knowledge.
10. Then after the Prayer is offered, disperse in the land and (then) look for Allah’s bounty (i.e., sustenance). And remember Allah much so that you may attain to prosperity.

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11. And when they found some business or entertainment opportunity, they rushed towards that (due to their neediness and financial constraint) and left you standing (during the sermon). Say: ‘Whatever is with Allah is better than sport and business. And Allah is the Best of sustainers.’

سُوْرَۃ ُالْجُمُعَۃِ
بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ
یُسَبِّحُ لِلّٰهِ مَا فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَا فِی الْاَرْضِ الْمَلِكِ الْقُدُّوْسِ الْعَزِیْزِ الْحَكِیْمِ۝۱هُوَ الَّذِیْ بَعَثَ فِی الْاُمِّیّٖنَ رَسُوْلًا مِّنْهُمْ یَتْلُوْا عَلَیْهِمْ اٰیٰتِهٖ وَ یُزَكِّیْهِمْ وَ یُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتٰبَ وَ الْحِكْمَةَ١ۗ وَ اِنْ كَانُوْا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَـفِیْ ضَلٰلٍ مُّبِیْنٍۙ۝۲وَّ اٰخَـرِیْنَ مِنْهُمْ لَمَّـا یَلْحَقُـوْا بِهِمْ١طوَ هُـوَ الْعَـزِیْزُ الْحَكِیْمُ۝۳ذٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللّٰهِ یُؤْتِیْـهِ مَنْ یَّشَآءُ١ؕوَ اللّٰهُ ذُو الْفَضْــلِ الْعَظِیْمِ۝۴مَثَلُ الَّذِیْنَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرٰىةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ یَحْمِلُوْهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ یَحْمِلُ اَسْفَارًا١ط بِئْسَ مَثَلُ الْقَـوْمِ الَّذِیْنَ كَذَّبُوْابِاٰیٰتِ اللّٰهِ١طوَ اللّٰهُ لَایَهْدِی الْقَوْمَالظّٰلِمِیْنَ۝۵قُـلْ یٰۤاَیُّهَا الَّـذِیْنَ هَـادُوْۤا اِنْ زَعَمْتُمْ اَنَّكُمْ اَوْلِیَآءُ لِلّٰهِ مِنْ دُوْنِ النَّاسِ فَتَمَنَّوُا الْمَوْتَ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ صٰـدِقِیْنَ۝۶وَ لَا یَتَمَنَّوْنَـهٗۤ اَبَـدًۢا بِمَـاقَـدَّمَتْ اَیْدِیْهِمْ١ؕ وَ اللّٰهُ عَـلِیْمٌۢ بِالظّٰلِمِیْنَ۝۷قُلْ اِنَّ الْمَوْتَ الَّذِیْ تَفِرُّوْنَ مِنْهُ فَاِنَّهٗ مُلٰقِیْكُمْ ثُمَّ تُرَدُّوْنَ اِلٰى عٰلِمِ الْغَیْبِ وَ الشَّهَادَةِ فَیُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُـمْ تَعْمَـلُوْنَ۠۝۸یٰۤاَیُّهَـا الَّـذِیْنَ اٰمَنُـوْۤا اِذَا نُوْدِیَ لِلصَّلٰوةِ مِنْ یَّوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا اِلٰى ذِكْرِ اللّٰهِ وَ ذَرُوا الْبَیْعَ١ؕ ذٰلِكُمْ خَـیْرٌ لَّـكُمْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُوْنَ۝۹فَـاِذَا قُضِیَتِ الصَّلٰوةُ فَانْتَشِرُوْا فِی الْاَرْضِ وَ ابْتَغُوْا مِنْ فَضْلِ اللّٰهِ وَ اذْكُرُوا اللّٰهَ كَثِیْرًا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُوْنَ۝۱۰وَ اِذَا رَاَوْا تِجَارَةً اَوْ لَهْوَا۟اِنْفَضُّوْۤا اِلَیْهَا وَ تَرَكُوْكَ قَآىِٕمًاطقُلْ مَا عِنْـدَ اللّٰهِ خَـیْرٌ مِّـنَ اللَّهْوِ وَ مِـنَ التِّجَارَةِطوَ اللّٰهُ خَـیْرُ الـرّٰزِقِـیْنَ۠۝۱۱

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