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The Battle of Badr is the most famous battle between the Muslims and the non-Muslims. This battle took place at Badr, a place between Makka-tul-Mukarramah and Madina-tul-Munawwarah on the 17th Ramadan of 2nd Hijri. As regards to weapons and soldiers, the Muslim army was weaker significantly. The number of the Muslim soldiers upholding the noble flag of Beloved Rasool 
Muhammad  was merely 313 consisting of young and old, Ansaar and Muhajireen who were contesting against a massive  and equipped army of the unbelievers. The Muslim army had only six armours and eight swords whereas the unbelievers’ army was comprised of almost one thousand furious and strong warriors and these warriors were armed with one hundred excellent horses, seven hundred camels and diverse fatal weapons.
In front of such a strong military power of the unbelievers, unrest and anxiety among the Muslims was a natural element. Our Beloved Rasool  Muhammad spent the whole night in Salah and supplications imploring, ‘O Allah  If this small number of people is killed, then no
one will be left on the face of earth to worship You till the Day of Judgement.’
(As-Seerat-un-Nabawiyyah Ii Ibn Hishaam, vol. 1, pp. 554)
During the supplication, the sacred shawl fell down from the blessed  shoulders of the Nabi Muhammad and due to overwhelming emotions, the blessed tears welled up. When the companion of the cave, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq  saw him in this state of anxiety, he  became worried. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq  lifted up the fallen shawl, placed it over the sacred shoulders of the Noble Rasool , held the blessed hand and consoled in a very sympathetic tone with great respect and reverence and said to the Nabi Muhammad , ‘Ya Rasoolallah ( ! Do not worry, surely Allah  will fulfil His promise.’
Our Beloved Rasool  stopped supplicating on the request of his most loyal devotee Sayyiduna Siddeeq Akbar  and invoked following Quranic Ayah in prophetic way full of conviction and determination: 

سَیُہۡزَمُ الْجَمْعُ وَ یُوَلُّوۡنَ الدُّبُرَ ﴿45﴾

The group will soon be chased away, and they will tum their backs ( to flee).
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)J (Part 2 7, Surah Al-Qamar, Ayah 45)
In the morning, the Holy Rasool  delivered such an encouraging and stimulating sermon by reciting the Ayahs of Jihad that it stirred each and every drop of blood of all Mujahidin with emotions. The Beloved and Blessed Rasool Muhammad  also expressed his knowledge of the unseen and delivered the glad-tidings that if you people would stay in the battlefield with patience and perseverance; Allah  will descend the angels’ army from the skies for your support.
Therefore, an army of five thousand angels descended in the battlefield and instantaneously, the scenario of the battlefield changed. Sayyiduna ‘Ali  was holding the flag of Muhajireen and Sayyiduna Sa’ d Bin ‘Ubadah  was the flag bearer of the Ansaar. Seventy unbelievers  were killed and seventy were arrested and the remaining ran off from the battlefield leaving their possessions behind. All the prominent war-chiefs of Quraysh were killed.
Among the Muslims, there were fourteen fortunate Muslims who embraced the rank of martyrdom and among these martyrsj there were six Muhajireen and eight Ansaar. The Muslims also won a huge amount of war spoils that was left behind by the defeated army. Allah  has mentioned the Battle of Badr and the army of angels in the following words of the Holy Quran:

وَلَقَدْ نَصَرَکُمُ اللہُ بِبَدْرٍ وَّاَنۡتُمْ اَذِلَّۃٌ ۚ فَاتَّقُوا اللہَ لَعَلَّکُمْ تَشْکُرُوۡنَ ﴿123﴾اِذْ تَقُوۡلُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ اَلَنۡ یَّکْفِیَکُمْ اَنۡ یُّمِدَّکُمْ رَبُّکُمۡ بِثَلٰثَۃِ اٰلٰفٍ مِّنَ الْمَلٰٓئِکَۃِ مُنۡزَلِیۡنَ ﴿124﴾ؕبَلٰۤی ۙ اِنۡ تَصْبِرُوۡا وَتَتَّقُوۡا وَیَاۡتُوۡکُمۡ مِّنۡ فَوْرِہِمْ ہٰذَا یُمْدِدْکُمْ رَبُّکُمۡ بِخَمْسَۃِ اٰلٰفٍ مِّنَ الْمَلٰٓئِکَۃِ مُسَوِّمِیۡنَ ﴿125﴾وَمَا جَعَلَہُ اللہُ اِلَّا بُشْرٰی لَکُمْ وَلِتَطْمَئِنَّ قُلُوۡبُکُمۡ بِہٖ ؕ وَمَا النَّصْرُ اِلَّا مِنْ عِنۡدِ اللہِ الْعَزِیۡزِ الْحَکِیۡمِ ﴿126﴾
And Allah indeed helped you at (the battle of) Badr, when you were completely without resources; so fear Allah, that you may become thankful (Remember) when you O Beloved Rasool were saying to the believers, ‘Is it not sufficient for you that your Lord may support you by sending down three thousand angels?’ Yes; why not, if you display patience and piety and the disbelievers attack you suddenly, your Lord will send down five thousand distinctively marked angels to help you. And Allah did not grant this victory, except for your pleasure, and only in order that your hearts may attain satisfaction with it, and there is no help except from Allah, the Overpowering, the Wise. 
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 4, Surah Aal-e-‘Imran, Ayah 123-126) 
Despite having less soldiers and less armoury, the Muslims became victorious in the Battle of Badr. From this, we learn the moral lesson that success is not dependent upon magnitude of army and ammunition, instead it depends upon the Divine help from Allah  because whenever He  wills, He  helps the Muslims by sending army of angels in the battlefield, and despite being less in manpower and military equipment, they still become victorious and defeat the pagans’ army. However, for such success and Divine support, Allah  has mentioned two conditions: (i) Patience and (ii) piety. 
If the Muslims show steadfastness in the battlefield observing stern faith in the Divine support from Allah􀀃/;. and keep hold of patience and piety, then victory will embrace them on every frontier and the unbelievers will surrender and run away from the battlefield or will face death and suffer the infernal fire. One most essential thing in such conditions is that a Muslim should show perseverance like that of a mountain in the battlefield by observing piety and patience and should never pay heed towards the numeral shortage or plenty of war ammunition because Allah  has said: 
وَمَا النَّصْرُ اِلاَّ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللہِ 

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